60th Anniversary of the Royal Visit to College Park!

Sixty years ago today, Queen Elizabeth II visited the University of Maryland to attend her first and only college football game on October 19, 1957, between the Maryland Terrapins and the North Carolina Tar Heels! While touring Canada and the United States, the Queen wanted to see a typical American sport, and with College Park’s close proximity to Washington, DC, University President Elkins notified Governor McKeldin, who wrote Sir Harold Caccia, Ambassador of Great Britain, inviting Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip to attend a football game at the University of Maryland!

How did the university prepare for the Queen? How did students view the Queen’s visit to campus? How did students view the university at the time of the Royal Visit?

In preparation of the Queen’s game, university carpenters constructed a special box for the Queen and her party to view the game, while the University of Maryland’s “Black & Gold” band also took over the ROTC drill field to begin preparing for a “typical” half-time show. “They are making room for almost 140 extra press photographers, and newspapers all over the country will carry pictures of her here at Maryland,” said SGA President Howard Miller ahead of the game, suggesting that the Queen’s visit would bring additional publicity and prestige to the university. Additionally, Miller recalled that the SGA met with the State Department ahead of the game to discuss where the Queen should sit. The SGA suggested that she sit on the North Carolina side so she could watch the Card section at half-time and because alcohol consumption at Maryland football games was considered “a major sport in the 1950s.”

The issue of the Diamondback before the royal visit was predominantly dedicated to the Queen’s visit. On behalf of the student body, faculty, and administration, the Diamondback extended a “most enthusiastic welcome,” to the Queen and royal party, seeing the Queen’s visit as an opportunity to “strengthen the good will existing between the United States and Great Britain,” trusting that the Queen will find as much entertainment and excitement during her stay as the university will. Speaking for “just about everybody” on campus, the Queen’s visit was highly anticipated, something the university was collectively very proud of. Anticipating the game, SGA President Howard Miller felt the Queen’s visit was “the greatest thrill of my life,” President Elkins thought the Queen’s visit “created more interest in any college or university than anything I have ever seen in my lifetime,” adding that the University is “delighted” to host the Queen. When addressing the possibility of any “unfortunate events” occurring during the Queen’s visit, President Elkins warned students: “If there is any question, one ought not to do it!”

How were students supposed to behave? If encountering the Queen and Prince Philip, were there specific codes of conduct to follow? The State Department suggested how to behave if students should be presented before the Queen. For students, “how do you do?” was considered a suitable greeting, suggesting that students address the Queen and Prince Philip as “madam,” or “sir,” instead of “Queen,” or “Prince.”

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Front page of the Diamondback the day before the Queen’s Game, October 18, 1957.

And then, on Game Day, Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip arrived at Byrd Stadium around 1:15pm. All fans were asked to be in their seats by 1pm to await the royal arrival. Maryland halfback and co-captain Jack Healy recalled posing for photographs before meeting the Queen. “Naturally, we were nervous and this increased the pressure somewhat,” said Healy, but their nerves were eased by a welcoming Prince Philip, who, with a “Hello sparkle,” in his eyes, extended his hand and introduced himself to the team. Then, according to Healy, the team met Queen Elizabeth, who “looked like any typical American woman,” only distinguished by her “precious English accent.” Each team’s captains then presented the Queen and Prince Philip with an autographed football and a replica of the coin used in the game’s coin toss. Prince Philip, “humbly accepting” the autographed football, said “I feel like kicking it myself!”

During the game, the Queen “leaned forward eagerly” as the Governors and President Elkins explained American football to their royal guests. According to President Elkins, the Queen was “most interested in the difference between the English Rugby and the American game.” According to a commonwealth correspondent from the game, “if the Queen understands this game, she’s smarter than I think she is.”

And then, at halftime, after the teams rushed off the field, the North Carolina band presented “A Parade of North Carolina Industries,” highlighted by band members forming a giant banjo, while trumpeting “Dixie.” According to President Elkins’ daughter Carole, there was a ceremony with gift presentations, the Queen and Prince Philip were driven around the stadium’s track, and marching bands from both teams performed. The bands from both schools joined to form the Queen’s crest, spell out “USA-BRIT”, and perform each school’s alma mater, “God Save the Queen,” and the “Star Spangled Banner.” The card section displayed both the American and British flags. Queen Elizabeth II, commenting on “the drive of the band,” was also “quite pleased with the card section,” according to President Elkins.

According to Howard Miller’s account of the Queen’s Game, with only minutes left in the 4th quarter, the announcer at Byrd Stadium asked the crowd to remain in their seats so the Queen and Prince Philip could leave first to attend dinner with President Eisenhower. The Queen’s motorcade entered the stadium, and the Queen left before “a full house broke for the exits.” Miller recalled “never had so many Marylanders showed so much courtesy.” Nick Kovalakides, class of ’61, who was unable to attend the game due to illness, was listening to the game on the radio while recovering in his Montgomery Hall dorm, when he heard that the Queen was leaving early “to avoid the crunch of fans after the game.” Hearing this, Kovalakides went outside in case the Queen’s motorcade traveled on Regents Drive past Montgomery Hall. As Kovalakides sat on the steps, feeling “like everyone else in the world was at the game except me,” the Queen’s motorcade appeared over the hill. Seeing the Queen in the back seat of the limo, Kovalakides stood and waved. The Queen waved back. Remembering the event, Kovalakides said “in seconds, she was gone. But not in my mind.”

As the game ended, the triumphant Terps hoisted Coach Tommy Mont on their shoulders and ran across the field to where the Queen was seated. When presented to the Queen, she replied by saying “wonderful, wonderful.” For Coach Mont, immediately after the win he said “I’m going to revel in this for the rest of my life.” In the issue following the game, the Diamondback selected the entire Maryland football team as Players-of-the-Week.

Photographs and artifacts from the Queen’s Game are on display in McKeldin Library through January 2018. Be sure to check out our exhibit cases on the first floor, near Footnotes Cafe! We’ve decorated the second floor Portico Room (across the walkway from the Terrapin Tech Desk) with images from the game as well. 

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Visit New Football Exhibit

Calling all Terps fans! A new exhibit in Hornbake Library’s Maryland Room features a selection of photos, programs, pennants, uniforms, and more from the University Archives’ collections commemorating the football team’s 125th year. From the team’s humble beginning in 1892 to today, our Maryland Terrapins have created many memorable moments including 11 conference championships, 27 […]

via New exhibit celebrates 125 years of Maryland football — Special Collections and University Archives at UMD

Celebrating 100 years of women’s education at UMD

September 14 is a landmark day in University of Maryland history! One hundred years ago today, a young woman named Elizabeth Gambrill Hook entered the Maryland State College of Agriculture, as the University of Maryland was then known, setting the stage for the over 17,000 female students currently on campus.  The 20-year-old Hook indicated an interest in experimental work in her entrance register entry and fulfilled her dream by earning her degree in entomology in 1920, becoming the first woman to take all of her classes on campus and receive a four-year degree.

Charlotte Ann Vaux joined Elizabeth Hook on campus a few weeks later. Vaux took a two-year course in agriculture and received her degree in 1918.

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Charlotte Vaux’s entry in the 1918 Reveille yearbook.

These two pioneers and other early women at Maryland are featured in a new University Archives exhibit on the first and second floors of McKeldin Library. The display chronicles the academic, athletic, and social activities of early co-eds, and also features information on the rules of behavior that female students were expected to follow. Visitors can learn more about Misses Hook and Vaux, the first sorority and women’s sports teams at Maryland, the May Day tradition, and restrictions on women’s movements around campus, guests in the dormitory, and even use of musical instruments and typewriters. The exhibit also contains examples of academic expectations for the pioneering co-eds and the story of early early rebel, Vivian Simpson.

Coeds100YearsPoster_1st floor“We Take our Hats off to you, Miss(es) Co-eds: Celebrating 100 Years of Women’s Education at Maryland” will remain on display outside of the Footnotes Café on the first floor and in the Portico Lounge on the second floor of McKeldin through mid-January 2017. Stop by and learn more about these amazing women from 100 years ago!

This is a post in our series on Terrapin Tales called UMD123! Similar to our “ABC’s of UMD” series in fall 2015, posts in this series will take a look at the university’s history “by the numbers.” New posts will come out twice a month throughout the fall; on the Terrapin Tales blog, search “UMD123” or use the UMD123 tag. You can also check out Twitter#UMD123. If you want to learn more about campus history, you can also visit our encyclopedia University of Maryland A to Z: MAC to Millennium for more UMD facts.

 

 

Election Memorabilia on Campus

Primary season is in full gear as we approach the November general election! Do you collect campaign buttons or posters? How about hats with your candidate’s face on the top? As you keep abreast of the twist and turns of this year’s campaigns, take a look at the memorabilia that McKeldin Library displayed ahead of the 1968 election. That year, University graduate student Dale E. Wagner’s collection traveled to the Democratic and Republican conventions before making its way back to McKeldin Library.

Hat
Photo of Dale E. Wagner with his memorabilia by Howard Lalos

The Diamondback reported that Wagner’s buttons, ribbons, posters, and mementos dated back to the election of 1840 (William Henry Harrison vs. Martin Van Buren). McKeldin Library’s exhibit also featured recordings of famous speeches by presidents such as Teddy Roosevelt, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry Truman, and John F. Kennedy. As the article notes, the humorous, often satirical 1968 campaign buttons quickly drew the attention of “the non-history major.” What are some of your favorites from the 1968 campaign (see below)?

 

 

Mayor Daley
The most controversial item: Article author Tom Basham writes that the average reaction to the We Love Mayor Daley (former Democratic mayor of Chicago) sign is “What the hell is that thing doing in there?” Photo by Howard Lalos.

The Diamondback is the university’s primary student newspaper and records the voice of the student body. The University Archives has embarked on a digitization project to make articles like this one (see below) accessible online for future enjoyment and research. Thanks to generous donations and a successful Launch UMD initiative, the University Archives is on track to make all of these articles available and searchable in 2016. This post is the sixth in a series by graduate student assistant Jen Wachtel is collecting data for the project. Check out the Twitter hashtag #digiDBK or the DigiDBK tag on the blog for previous posts. Don’t forget to check out the current University Archives display honoring the 70th anniversary of Gymkana on the first floor of McKeldin Library by the elevator and in the Portico Lounge on the second floor!

Article

 

ABC’s of UMD: Letter B

B is for BAND!

The first band, formed in 1908, consisted of 25 musicians: 2 clarinets, 4 cornets, 2 alto horns, 3 trombones, 1 baritone, 2 basses, 2 drums, and cymbals.This ensemble was an outgrowth of earlier mandolin and glee clubs the students had formed, beginning in the 1890s, and was designed to “beef up a slack Military Department,” according to the Reveille yearbook.

First MAC band, 1908.
First MAC band, 1908.

Today’s Mighty Sound of Maryland,one of the most visible embodiments of Terrapin spirite, is comprised of over 250 players and is joined by auxiliary units of silks, twirlers, dancers, and cannoneers. Over the years, the band has performed at countless football games and other athletic contests, marched in parades across the country, including four presidential inaugural parades and the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade in 2000, and played for many special guests, including H.R.H. Queen Elizabeth.

You can find some of the band’s performances online this semester as part of our posts on UMD’s most recognizable songs. Halftime shows during football season often appear on YouTube as well.

You can also find more information about the history of the UMD marching band in the University Archives’ exhibit “Musical Milestones” on the first and second floors of McKeldin Library. Find more information about the display here.

BandPoster-1stFloor converted

This is the second post in our series on Terrapin Tales called ABC’s of UMD! Posts will come out twice a week, on Mondays and Fridays, throughout the semester. If you want to learn more about campus history, check back weekly to see what we’ve picked to highlight, and you can also visit our encyclopedia University of Maryland A to Z: MAC to Millennium for more UMD facts.

Do you have other ABC’s about campus? Let us know in the comments below!

Want more? Here’s the Letter C!

New Exhibit: “Musical Milestones: The History of the University of Maryland Marching Band”

The beginnings of the marching band on campus
The beginnings of the marching band on campus

Visitors to McKeldin Library can now view a new University Archives exhibit featuring the achievements of the marching band. “Musical Milestones,” adapted from a large-scale exhibition celebrating the 100th anniversary of the band in 2008, highlights the group’s rich history from a small band of Maryland Agricultural College cadets to the current Mighty Sound of Maryland.

The exhibit includes many notable “firsts,” including the first cadet band from 1908, the first performance of the Victory Song, the first female band members, the first black drum major, and the first female drum major. Other images portray the variety of events in which the band has participated over the years, spanning from homecoming celebrations to special occasions like Woodrow Wilson’s inaugural parade and the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day parade. Those familiar with the band will recognize photographs of popular field formations, traditions, and slogans.

Featured material items in the exhibit cases include the baton used by drum major and twirler Murray McCollough in the 1940s and two styles of hats worn by band members — a cadet hat from 1914 and the most recent Mighty Sound of Maryland hat and shako.

In addition to the first floor cases, photographs are also on display in the second-floor portico lounge. “Musical Milestones” will be on view in McKeldin through the entire fall semester until January 2016.

UMD’s Katrina Connection

Today, as the nation marks the 10th anniversary of landfall for Hurricane Katrina, we honor the contribution that the Mighty Sound of Maryland, the university’s marching band, made to recovery from that devastating storm.

Shortly after the band performed in support of the Terps’ win at the Champs Sports Bowl on December 29, 2006, 250 members of the band loaded all their equipment and uniforms along with work clothes and tools into five black UMD buses and headed west for New Orleans. Inspired by the Musicians’ Village project, the brainchild of Harry Connick Jr. and Branford Marsalis, the MSOM spent a week helping construct new housing so NOLA’s players could return to the city famous for its music.

When they weren’t busy building houses, band members had numerous opportunities to perform, including at the kickoff to Carnival season in front of City Hall and as part of the Krewe of Alla’s Mardi Gras parade. The band also had a chance to meet Marsalis and Connick, who visited their worksite to thank the MSOM for the contribution to the relief efforts.

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Following their return home, many band members commented on the impact the trip had on them personally, among them saxophonist Mike Loveless, who told TERP magazine in 2007: “I can’t tell you the number of times people asked what we were doing and then thanked us for our help. It was sort of overwhelming.”

You can find more of the history of the UMD marching band in the new exhibit “Musical Milestones” on display on the first and second floors of McKeldin Library through January 2016.

BandPoster-1stFloor converted